(Endnotes)

1 Australian Department of Health and Ageing, 2005, ‘National Sexually Transmissible Disease Strategy 2005–2008’.
2 World Health Organization, 2006, ‘Global strategy for the prevention and control of sexually transmitted infection 2006–2015’, ISBN 978 92 4 156347 5.
3 Ibid.
4 National Centre for HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, 2009, Annual Surveillance Report, University of New South Wales.
5 Ibid.
6 Communicable Diseases Intelligence Volume 33 No3, September 2009, Annual Report of the Australian Gonococcal Surveillance Programme, 2008
7 National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, 2008, Communicable Diseases Intelligence Annual Report, viewed 13 September 2009, <http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/cda-cdi3202-pdf-cnt.htm/$FILE/cdi3202a.pdf>.
8 National Centre for HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, 2009, Bloodborne viral and sexually transmitted infections in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: surveillance and evaluation report, University of New South Wales.
9 National Centre for HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, 2009, Annual Surveillance Report, University of New South Wales.
10 Donovan B, Knight V, McNulty A, Wynne-Markham & Kidd M, 2001, ‘Gonorrhoea screening in general practice: perceived barriers and strategies to improve screening rates’, Medical Journal of Australia 175: pp. 412–414.
11 Northern Territory Health, 2002 ‘Trichomonas vaginalis: Consideration of the issues that underpin testing: which way to go?’, Background paper prepared by the Northern Territory AIDS/STD program, Disease Control, Darwin, March 2002.
12 The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion is a 1986 document produced by the World Health Organization. It was launched at the first international conference for health promotion that was held in Ottawa, Canada.
13 Department of Juvenile Justices, 2003, Young People in Custody Health Survey, Key Findings Report, 2003, NSW Department of Juvenile Justice, ISBN: 0 7347 6518 5, pp. 23.
14 Australian Research Centre in Sex Health and Society, 2003, National Sex Survey, La Trobe University.
15 Australian Research Centre in Sex Health and Society, 2009, National Secondary School Survey of Sexual Health and HIV, La Trobe University.
16 Brazzale AG, Russell DB, Cunningham AL, Taylor J & McBride WJH, ‘Seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 amongst the Indigenous population of Cape York, Far North Queensland, Australia’, In press.

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17 Henderson M, Wight D, Raab GM, Abraham C, Parkes A & Scott S, et al., ‘Impact of a theoretically based sex education programme (SHARE) delivered by teachers on NHS registered conceptions and terminations: final results of cluster randomised trial’, British Medical Journal 2007 doi: 10.1136/bmj.39014.503692.55.
18 Dilorio C, Kelley M & Hochenberry-Eaton M, ‘Communication about sexual issues: mothers, fathers and friends’, Journal of Adolescent Health, 1999;24: pp. 181–9. CrossRef][ISI][Medline].
19 Paton D, ‘Random behaviour or rational choice? Family planning, teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections’, Sex Education, 2006;6: pp. 281–308.
20 Skinner SR, Parsons A, Kang M, Williams H & Fairley C, International Journal of Adolescent Medical Health, 2007;19(3): pp. 285–294, ‘Sexually transmitted infections, Initiatives for prevention, NSW Department of Health (2006)’, NSW Sexually Transmissible Infections Strategy: Environmental Scan 2006–2009, Sydney.
21 Wilkinson P, French R, Kane R, Lachowycz K, Stephenson J & Grundy C, et al., Teenage conceptions, abortions, and births in England, 1994–2003, and the national teenage pregnancy strategy. Lancet 2006;368; pp. 1819–86.[CrossRef] [ISI][Medline].
22 National Centre for HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, 2009, Annual Surveillance Report, University of New South Wales.
23 Skinner SR, Parsons A, Kang M, Williams H & Fairley C, International Journal of Adolescent Medical Health, 2007;19(3): pp. 285–294, Sexually Transmitted Infections, Initiatives for prevention NSW Department of Health, 2006, NSW Sexually Transmissible Infections Strategy: Environmental Scan 2006–2009, Sydney, published online 20 October 2009.
24 Skinner SR, Parsons A, Kang M, Williams H & Fairley C, International Journal of Adolescent Medical Health, 2007;19(3): pp. 285–294, Sexually Transmitted Infections, Initiatives for prevention NSW Department of Health, 2006, NSW Sexually Transmissible Infections Strategy: Environmental Scan 2006–2009, Sydney, published online 2009.
25 Australian Bureau of Statistics and Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2005, The Health and Welfare of Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, Government of Australia, accessed 28 August 2009, <http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10172>.
26Indigenous sexual health and HIV promotion, <http://www.public.health.wa.gov.au>.
27 National Centre for HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, 2009, Annual Surveillance Report, University of New South Wales.
28 Huang R, Torzillo P, Hammond VA, Coulter ST & Kirby AC, 2008, ‘Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections on the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Lands: results of a comprehensive control program’, Medical Journal of Australia 189 (8): pp. 442–445, viewed 13 September 2009, <http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/189_08_201008/hua11315_fm.html>.
29 Nicoll A, Hughes G, Donnelly M, et al., 2001, ‘Assessing the impact of national anti-HIV sexual health campaigns: trends in the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in England, Sexually Transmitted Infections’, 77: pp. 242–247, viewed 13 September 2009, <http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=1744349&blobtype=pdf>.
30 Smith A, Agius P, Mitchell A, Barrett C & Pitts M, 2009, ‘Secondary Students and Sexual Health 2008’, monograph series no. 70, Melbourne: Australian Research Centre, Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University, viewed 7 August 2009, <http://www.latrobe.edu.au>.
31 Downing J, Jones L, Cook A & Bellis MA, ‘Prevention of STIs: a review of reviews into the effectiveness of non—clinical interventions’, evidence briefing update, 2006, <http://www.nice.org.uk/media/ABC/87/STIEvidenceBriefingFinal.pdf>.
32 Richters, J, Butler, T, Yap, L, Kirkwood, K, Grant, L, Smith, A, Schneider, K & Donovan, B, 2008, ‘Sexual health and behaviour of New South Wales prisoners’, Sydney: School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, 2008.
33 Butler T, Ritchters J, Yap L, Papanastasiou C, Richards A, Schneider K, Grant L, Smith AMA & Donovan B, 2009, ‘Sexual health and behaviour of Queensland prisoners - with Queensland and New South Wales comparisons’, In Press, National Drug Research Institute and School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales), ISBN: 978-0-9807054-0-9.

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34 Butler T & Milner L, ‘The 2001 New South Wales Inmate Health Survey’, 2003 Corrections Health Service, Sydney, ISBN: 0 7347 3560 X.
35 Yap L, Butler T, Richters J, Kirkwood K, Grant L, Saxby M, Ropp F & Donovan B, ‘Do condoms cause rape and mayhem? The long-term effects of condoms in New South Wales prisons’, Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2007; 83: pp. 219–222.
36 Smith A, Agius P, Mitchell A, Barrett C & Pitts M, 2009, ‘Secondary Students and Sexual Health 2008’, monograph series no. 70, Melbourne: Australian Research Centre, Sex, Health & Society, La Trobe University, <http://www.latrobe.edu.au/>, accessed 7 August 2009.
37 Kirby DB, Laris BA & Rolleri LA, 2007, ‘Sex and HIV Education Programs: Their Impact on Sexual Behaviors of Young People Throughout the World’, Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 40, pp. 206–217.
38 Powell F, 2008, Mooditj impact evaluation: report to FPWA Sexual Health Services Perth: FPWA Sexual Health services, <http://www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/health-resources/programs-projects?pid=301>. Snake Condom program Marie Stopes, <http://www.mariestopes.org.au>.
39 Stark A & Hope A, ‘Aboriginal women’s stories of sexually transmissible infection, transmission and condom use in remote central Australia’, Sexual Health 2007, vol. 4, pp. 237–242.
40 Ostergaard L, Moller J, Andersen B & Olesen F, 1996, ‘Diagnosis of urogenital Chlamydia trachomatis infection in women based on mailed samples obtained at home: multipractice comparative study’, BMJ 313: pp. 1186–1189.
41 Ostergaard L, Andersen B, Olesen F &Moller J, 1998, Efficacy of home sampling for screening of Chlamydia trachomatis: randomised study. British Medical Journal, 317: pp. 26-27.
42 Mahilum-Tapay L, et al., 2007, New point of care Chlamydia Rapid Test - bridging the gap between diagnosis and treatment, performance evaluation study, British Medical Journal, 335(8 December), pp.1190–1194.
43 Wilson D, Heymer K, Anderson J, O’Connor J, Harcourt C & Donovan D, 2009, ‘Sex workers can be screened too often: a cost-effectiveness analysis in Victoria, Australia’,
44 Samaranayake A, Chen M, Hocking J, Bradshaw C, Cumming R & Fairley C, 2009, Legislation requiring monthly testing of sex workers with low rates of sexually transmitted infections restricts access to services for higher risk individuals.
45 Bangor-Jones RD, McCloskey J, Crooks L, Bastian LA, Mak DB, Dykstra C, Marshall LJ & Achitei SR, 2009, ‘Attitudes of WA GPs to Chlamydia Partner Notification: A Survey’, poster presentation, GP’09 A Doctor for All Seasons Conference, Perth, 1 October.
46 Schultz R, Read AW, Straton JA, Stanley FJ & Morich P, ‘Genitourinary tract infections in pregnancy and low birth weight: case control study in Australian Aboriginal women’, British Medical Journal, 1991; 303; pp. 1369–1373.
47 Johnson GH & Mak DB, 2002, ‘Gonorrhoea screening in general practice: perceived barriers and strategies to improve screening rates’, letter, Medical Journal of Australia, 176 (9): pp. 448–449.
48 McLean S & Savage J, ‘Australia’s Health Workforce: roles, supply, trends, recruitment and capacity to deliver HIV services’, background paper for the Models of Access and Clinical Service Delivery Project, Australasian Society for HIV Medicine, Sydney, NSW, 2009b, <http://www.ashm.org.au/default2.asp?active_page_id=168>.
49 Savage J, Crooks L & McLean S, ‘Models of Access and Clinical Service Delivery for People with HIV in Australia: final report’, Australasian Society
for HIV Medicine, Sydney, NSW, 2009, <http://www.ashm.org.au/default2.asp?active_page_id=168>.
50 Communicable Diseases Network of Australia, 2008, Communicable Diseases Intelligence.
51 McLean S & Savage J, ‘Australia’s Health Workforce: roles, supply, trends, recruitment and capacity to deliver HIV services’, background paper for the Models of Access and Clinical Service Delivery Project, Australasian Society for HIV Medicine, Sydney, NSW, 2009b, <http://www.ashm.org.au/default2.asp?active_page_id=168>.

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