Gay men and other men who have sex with men have a high prevalence of STIs. Other reasons for prioritising this population are:
- the role of STIs in HIV transmission, increasing both susceptibility to, and infectiousness of, HIV
- higher risk sexual practices
- barriers to service access.
Gay men and other men who have sex with men are not a homogeneous group with respect to STI prevalence, social and behavioural factors. High priority subpopulations requiring specifically tailored interventions include: sexually adventurous gay men, gay men with HIV, and young men reporting same sex attraction.
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27 National Centre for HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, 2009, AnnualSurveillance Report, University of New South Wales.