This is the second national sexually transmissible infections (STIs) strategy to be adopted in Australia. It builds on the first national STI strategy which guided Australia’s response to these infections between 2005 and 2008. This strategy is also one of a suite of five strategies aiming to reduce the transmission of STIs and blood borne viruses (BBVs), and the morbidity, mortality and personal and social impacts they cause. The relationship of the Second National Sexually Transmissible Infections Strategy 2010-2013 (this strategy) to the other four is detailed in section 1.2.